Periodontics is the study of clinical aspects of the supporting structures of the teeth, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone (jaw), root cementum, and the periodontal ligament.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry specializing in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of gum disease (periodontal disease) by a periodontist.
Periodontal diseases take on many different forms, but is usually a result of bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold the teeth in the mouth. Untreated, it often leads to tooth loss and alveolar bone loss.
Contributing factors to periodontal disease:
- Poorly fitting dental restorations
- Crowded teeth, improper bite alignment
- Clenching or grinding of teeth
- Hormonal changes, including pregnancy, menstruation and menopause
- Systemic diseases, including blood disorders and diabetes
- Medications, including calcium channel blockers and anti-convulsants
Warning sighs of periodontal disease :
Periodontal disease can be easily detected by a periodontist during regular examinations. A periodontist is a dentist that specialises in treating diseases of the periodontium.
Our periodontist has extensive experience treating pediatric patients requiring periodontal care. This care may involve deep scaling (cleaning) and root planing, gingival (gum) surgery and the placement of dental implants.
- Bleeding gums
- Abscess (pus oozing from the gums)
- Foul odor
- Loose teeth